# Example 02: Notched beam with concentrated load

**Problem**

A 150 mm by 300 mm wooden beam having a simple span of 6 meters carries a concentrated load *P* at its midspan. It is notched at the supports as shown in the figure. For this problem, all calculations are based on shear alone using the 2010 NSCP specification given below. Allowable shear stress of wood, *F _{v}* = 1.0 MPa.

- If
*P*= 30 kN, calculate the maximum allowable depth (millimeters) of notches at the supports.- 88
- 62
- 238
- 212

- If the depth of notches is 100 mm, what is the safe value of
*P*(kiloNewton) the beam can carry.- 26.67
- 17.78
- 8.89
- 13.33

- If
*P*= 25 kN and the depth of notches is 150 millimeters, what is the shear stress (MegaPascal) near the supports.- 0.83
- 6.67
- 1.67
- 3.33

**NSCP 2010 Section 616.4: Horizontal Shear in Notched Beams**

When rectangular-shaped girder, beams or joists are notched at points of support on the tension side, they shall meet the design requirements of that section in bending and in shear. The horizontal shear stress at such point shall be calculated by:

Where:

$d'$ = actual depth of beam at notch.

**Solution**

$b = 150 ~ \text{mm}$

$d = 300 ~ \text{mm}$

**Part 1: P = 30 kN**

$V = 15 ~ \text{kN}$

$f_v = \dfrac{3V}{2bd'}\left( \dfrac{d}{d'} \right)^2$

$1.0 = \dfrac{3(15\,000)}{2(150d')}\left( \dfrac{300}{d'} \right)^2$

$d' = 238 ~ \text{mm}$

depth of notch = 300 - 238 = 62 mm *answer*

**Part 2: Depth of notches = 100 mm**

$d' = 200 ~ \text{mm}$

$f_v = \dfrac{3V}{2bd'}\left( \dfrac{d}{d'} \right)^2$

$1.0 = \dfrac{3V(1000)}{2(150)(200)}\left( \dfrac{300}{200} \right)^2$

$V = 8.89 ~ \text{kN}$

Safe value of *P* = 2*V* = 17.78 kN *answer*

**Part 3: P = 25 kN and depth of notches = 150 mm**

$V = \frac{1}{2}P = \frac{1}{2}(25) = 12.5 ~ \text{kN}$

$f_v = \dfrac{3V}{2bd'}\left( \dfrac{d}{d'} \right)^2$

$f_v = \dfrac{3(12\,500}{2(150)(150)}\left( \dfrac{300}{150} \right)^2$

$f_v = 3.33 ~ \text{MPa}$ *answer*