The angle of intersection of a circular curve is 45° 30' and its radius is 198.17 m. PC is at Sta. 0 + 700. Compute the right angle offset from Sta. 0 + 736.58 on the curve to tangent through PC.
Formulas for Circular Curves
The formulas we are about to present need not be memorized. All we need is geometry plus names of all elements in simple curve. Note that we are only dealing with circular arc, it is in our great advantage if we deal it at geometry level rather than memorize these formulas. For easy reference, the figure shown in the previous page will be shown again here.
In the piezometers of the figure shown, liquid stands 1.37 m above point M. What is the pressure at M in kiloPascal if the liquid is (a) water, (b) oil (sp gr 0.90), (c) mercury, and (d) molasses (sp gr 1.5).
Manometer is a simple and inexpensive device of measuring pressure and pressure difference. It is usually bent to form a U-tube and filled with liquid of known specific gravity. The surface of the liquid will move in proportion to changes of pressure.
A gage on the suction side of a pump shown vacuum of 254 mm of mercury. Compute (a) pressure head in meters of water; (b) pressure in kiloPascal; (c) absolute pressure in kiloPascal if barometer reads 736.6 mm of mercury.